Trang An Landscape Complex becomes Vietnam's eighth UNESCO world heritage site.
The Trang An Landscape Complex in northern Ninh Binh province received an official certificate from UNESCO on January 23 recognizing it as a mixed natural and cultural heritage site. It was first recognized by UNESCO at the 38th session of the organization’s World Heritage Committee in Doha last June, becoming the first site in Vietnam to be so recognized.
Speaking at the ceremony, Deputy Prime Minister Vu Duc Dam acknowledged the efforts of Ninh Binh province, the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, the Council of National Cultural Heritage, and scientists and businesses in studies identifying the protection and restoration of Trang An.
Organizers also held an arts program involving more than 100 artists and actors, with a 15-minute fireworks display celebrating the end of the ceremony.
Trang An’s recognition is based on the principles of the Convention on the Protection of World Culture and Natural Heritages, including cultural, aesthetical, and geological-geomorphic values and the preservation of heritage. UNESCO described Trang An as “a spectacular landscape of limestone karst peaks permeated with valleys, some of which are submerged, and surrounded by steep, almost vertical cliffs.”
The complex has three adjacent parts, Vietnam’s old capital of Hoa Lu (10th and 11th centuries), the Trang An - Tam Coc - Bich Dong site, and the Hoa Lu primitive forest. The area is also home to temples, pagodas, paddy fields, villages, and sacred sites. It has around 500 species of flora, 73 species of birds, and 41 species of other animals, and is renowned for its diverse ecosystem, unique natural beauty, and geological characteristics.
Trang An becomes Vietnam’s eight UNESCO world heritage site, joining Ha Long Bay, Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park in Quang Binh province, the Complex of Hue Monuments in Thua Thien Hue province, Hoi An Ancient Town and the My Son Sanctuary in Quang Nam province, Thang Long Imperial Citadel in Hanoi, and the Ho Dynasty Citadel in Thanh Hoa province.