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Towards a low-carbon, climate-resilient transport sector

Released at: 16:44, 17/09/2019

Towards a low-carbon, climate-resilient transport sector

Photo source from worldbank.org

Transport Ministry, WB, and GIZ release two-volume study laying out a pathway to a low-carbon and climate-resilient transport sector.

by Doanh Doanh

A two-volume study laying out a pathway to a low-carbon and climate-resilient transport sector in Vietnam was released at the “Addressing Climate Change in Transport” workshop in Hanoi on September 16.

This report is a collaborative effort between the Ministry of Transport, the World Bank, and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (German Development Cooperation GIZ), under the commission of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU).

The first volume demonstrates that by employing a mix of diverse policies and investments, Vietnam can reduce its carbon emissions in the transport sector by up to 9 per cent with only domestic resources by 2030, and 15-20 per cent by mobilizing international support and private sector participation.

The transport sector currently contributes about 10.8 per cent of total CO2 emissions. In a business-as-usual scenario, these emissions are projected to grow at an annual rate of 6-7 per cent to nearly 70 million tons of CO2e. The most cost-effective measures to boost the resilience of the transport sector include shifting traffic from roads to inland waterways and coastal transport, deploying stricter vehicle fuel economy standards, and promoting electric mobility.

The second volume provides a methodological framework to analyze critical and vulnerable points of the transport network, and presents a strong economic case for investing in building the climate resilience of Vietnam’s transport networks. A vulnerability assessment looks at the potential impact of different hazards on the transport corridor or network, and the criticality assessment considers such questions as which links and routes along transport networks are the most critical for the unimpeded flow of transport across a particular transport network.

This analytical work comes at a critical time, when the Vietnamese Government is updating its Nationally Determined Contribution on reducing carbon emissions and setting out its next medium-term public investment plan for 2021-2025.

“A resilient transport system is critical to the continued success of Vietnam’s economy, which relies heavily on external trade and seamless connectivity,” said Mr. Ousmane Dione, World Bank Country Director for Vietnam. “We hope that the findings and recommendations of this new report will help Vietnam in its efforts to achieve a resilient and sustainable transport sector.”

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