Plan aims to relieve population pressure in city center.
Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung has promulgated a decision on relocating administrative agencies in Hanoi’s city centre to the capital’s suburban suburbs. Factories and hospitals that create serious environmental pollution, together universities and offices that are overloaded, are to be relocated.
Twelve districts - Ba Dinh, Hoan Kiem, Hai Ba Trung, Dong Da, Tay Ho, Hoang Mai, Thanh Xuan, Ha Dong, Cau Giay, Long Bien, Bac Tu Liem, and Nam Tu Liem - are involved in the plan. Land will be set aside to build public gardens, parking, and social infrastructure for the relocation. Existing monuments will be conserved and not moved.
According to a World Bank report released on January 26 and providing new data to help ensure urban growth benefits the poor, Vietnam is rapidly urbanizing, both spatially and demographically. Despite a large amount of urban expansion, its cities are becoming denser. Hanoi is one of the densest cities in the country. Places with the largest increases in urban population density were the already dense districts in the traditional city center, such as Dong Da, Hai Ba Trung and Hoan Kiem, where in 2010 population density exceeded 40,000 people per square kilometer. Dong Da district and Hai Ba Trung district added more than 100,000 people each, with practically no increase in built-up land. Therefore, although Hanoi may be expanding rapidly, the very dense city center continues to get denser.
As a result, the government has decided to relocate some administrative agencies as part of the vision for Hanoi to 2050. The capital expects to build many modern educational centers in suburban areas with the aim of relocating the studies of more than 40,000 students.