Conference told barriers such as those on quality are an ongoing problem for Vietnamese exports to Japan.
The most important factor now for Vietnamese enterprises exporting to Japan is not tariff barriers but technical barriers, Mr. Nguyen Son, Deputy Director General of the Interagency Steering Committee for International Economic Integration, told the Conference on Preferential Import Tariffs for Vietnam to Implement the Vietnam - Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (VJEPA).
Since the VJEPA was signed in 2008 the most problematic matter for Vietnamese enterprises has become such technical barriers as quality and rules of origin. The quality requirements regarding exports to Japan are very strict and many Vietnamese enterprises fail to meet them.
By way of example, he said that a few years ago Japan Customs, in a small inspection, found that some shrimp shipments from Vietnam contained antibiotic residues and so decided to conduct inspections on all shrimp shipments to the country. This suggests that barriers relating to quality are the most important matters businesses in Vietnam must overcome.
Speakers at the conference also noted that after signing the VJEPA Vietnamese enterprises have also made use of their advantages in exporting to Japan, contributing significantly to growth in export turnover to the country. In first half of this year certain items saw significant increases, such as textiles, by 21.8 per cent, machinery, equipment, and spare parts, by 2.3 per cent, and wooden products, by 3 per cent, compared with the same period last year.
Experts also said that in the future Vietnamese enterprises will be in a good position due to import demand in Japan rising and the country increasingly changing from importing Chinese goods to those from Vietnam and other Southeast Asian countries.