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Vietnam & China pledge to reinforce political trust

Released at: 09:44, 14/11/2017

Vietnam & China pledge to reinforce political trust

President Tran Dai Quang (R) and President Xi Jinping (Photo from dangcongsan.vn)

President Xi Jinping leaves Hanoi on November 13, concluding his two-day State visit.

by Nguyen Quoc

During his talks with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) and President Xi Jinping in Hanoi on November 13, State President Tran Dai Quang called for unceasing reinforcement of political trust between Vietnam and China, according to a report from the Vietnam News Agency.

Vietnam and China are neighboring countries that share many similarities in development directions, political regime, and cultural and social features, President Quang said, adding that the development, stability, and achievements of each country are important for both sides.

The development of the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership with China is a consistent and long-term policy, a strategic selection and a top priority in Vietnam’s foreign policy, President Quang emphasized.

He asked for unceasing consolidation of political trust between the two Parties and countries through the maintenance of high-level visits and meetings. The two sides need to direct their sectors and authorities at all levels to effectively carry out reached agreements and common perceptions.

He called for the expansion and intensification of bilateral cooperation, particularly in important spheres like diplomacy, defense, security, and legal enforcement. They should better bring into play the bilateral cooperation steering committee’s role in strengthening ties and settling emerging issues in bilateral relations in a timely manner.

Vietnam and China should bolster the effectiveness of cooperation in economics, trade, investment, agriculture, the environment, and science and technology, while stepping up the implementation of China’s major projects using advanced and environmentally-friendly technology in Vietnam. They also need to address some problems in their cooperation so as to create economic trust and consolidate the material foundation for bilateral ties.

On the East Sea issue, the President asked both sides to abide by agreements and common perceptions set by the two countries’ leaders, including the Vietnam-China Agreement on Basic Principles guiding the Settlement of Sea-related Issues, and actively step up practical progress of negotiations on issues at sea.

When disputes are yet to be settled, the two countries should exercise self-restraint and refrain from actions that further complicate the situation, he said, adding that Vietnam welcomes the positive progress of ASEAN-China negotiations and the adoption of the framework Code of Conduct in the East Sea (COC).

In the near future, he requested that China and ASEAN continue to fully and seriously implement the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC) and conduct practical negotiations to build an effective and efficient COC.

President Xi, for his part, congratulated Vietnam on successfully hosting the 2017 APEC Leaders’ Meeting.

He expressed his wish to continue working closely with Vietnam to increase high-level meetings to share experience in Party building and national development, uphold the coordinating role of the Steering Committee on Vietnam-China Bilateral Cooperation, connect the “Belt and Road” initiative with the “Two Corridors, One Economic Belt” framework, build cross-border economic areas, and launch key projects.

China will take measures to facilitate Vietnamese farm produce’s access to China towards balanced and sustainable trade development, he said, adding that China will also consolidate social organizations via increased friendship exchange between the two peoples as well as enhance press cooperation and carry out projects using China’s non-refundable aid.

At the same time, China will well manage disputes and maintain peace and stability at sea while increasing exchanges and sharing experiences to deal with challenges and fighting crime, he said.

President Xi left Hanoi on the afternoon of November 13, concluding his two-day State visit, held after his attendance at the APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting.

Vietnam and China issued a joint statement affirming their determination to work closely to bolster their comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership for the practical interests of the two peoples and for peace, stability, and prosperity in the region.

The joint statement noted that the two sides reached common perceptions on deepening the Vietnam-China comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership in the new circumstances.

They pledged to work together, thoroughly grasp major orientations guiding the development of bilateral ties, intensify strategic exchanges and political trust, deepen win-win cooperation, deal with disagreements satisfactorily, step up the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership to grow healthily and stably so as to generate concrete benefits for their people, and actively contribute to peace, stability, and prosperity in the region.

They agreed that Vietnam and China are important neighbors and cooperative partners. As both are in a key phase of development reform, the development of one country is an opportunity for the other.

Therefore, the two countries need to promote the coordinating role of cooperative mechanisms, like the meeting of representatives of the two Politburos and the Steering Committee on Bilateral Cooperation, giving priority to intensifying the sharing of experience in State management, strengthening exchanges via the Party channel, and cooperation between the Vietnam’s National Assembly and the National People’s Congress of China and between the Vietnam Fatherland Front and the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

Vietnam and China committed to implementing an agreement on stepping up collaboration in the new situation between the two foreign ministries, maintaining meetings between the ministries’ leaders, and annual diplomatic consultation.

They also reached consensus on strengthening cooperation in defense, security, and legal enforcement, implementing the declaration on the joint vision on defense cooperation by 2025, using the hotline between the two defense ministries effectively, organizing border defense exchanges and strategic defense dialogues as well as joint patrols in the Gulf of Tonkin, and exerting efforts to make the China-Vietnam extradition treaty become effective soon.

Both sides vowed to apply efficient measures to boost cooperation for practical progress to be made in economics, trade, production capacity, investment, infrastructure, and monetary-finance.

Vietnam welcomes and supports the implementation of the “One Belt, One Road” initiative to boost win-win cooperation and economic linkages between countries as well as regional connectivity in order to contribute to peace, stability, development, and prosperity in the region and the world.

The two sides were unanimous in sharing information about investment policies, working to improve the investment climate, and boosting investment suitable to each other’s demand and sustainable development strategy. China encourages its leading enterprises to invest in Vietnam.

They committed to implementing the five-year development plan on economic and trade cooperation during 2017-2021 together with signing and deploying key cooperative projects.

They agreed to promote the role of the Vietnam-China Committee on Economic and Trade Cooperation and related cooperative mechanisms. China is willing to expand imports from Vietnam, giving priority to carrying out an assessment of market entry requirements for milk and milk products from Vietnam, speeding up the completion of legal procedures and the opening of markets for several kinds of Vietnamese fruit, and intensifying cooperation in agriculture, fisheries and forestry, including rice and cassava.

The two also vowed to utilize the mechanism of the working group on financial-monetary cooperation, continue considering the use of local currency in bilateral trade and investment, intensify the exchange of experience in monetary policy and financial stability, and continue supporting each other’s financial institutions to undertake their related performances in line with law. The Chinese side will create favorable conditions for the Vietnamese side to gain access to its preferential loans and other loans in compliance with related regulations.

Vietnam and China agreed to promote cooperation in agriculture, water resources, the environment, science and technology, and transport.

The two sides will broaden partnerships in culture, journalism, healthcare, and people-to-people exchanges.

They agreed to promote a sincere and frank exchange of views on issues at sea and continue observing important common understandings reached by leaders of the two Parties and States and “the Vietnam-China agreement on basic principles guiding the settlement of sea-related issues”.

The two countries will efficiently employ the government-level negotiation mechanism for territorial and border issues between the two countries and seek a fundamental and long-term solution acceptable to both sides.

They agreed to implement follow-up work after their joint survey of the waters off the mouth of the Gulf of Tonkin while accelerating negotiations on the delineation of the waters off the mouth of the Gulf of Tonkin and fostering cooperation for mutual development in the waters. They will also continue to promote the efforts of the working group on cooperation for development at sea and step up joint projects in less-sensitive fields, as previously agreed.

The two sides highly appreciated activities involving the release of aquatic creatures and the protection of marine resources in the Gulf of Tonkin.

They consented to fully and effectively implementing the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (DOC) and work towards the early formation of a Code of Conduct of Parties in the East Sea (COC) on the basis of consensus consultation, effectively managing maritime disputes and avoiding actions that would further complicate or expand the disputes for the maintenance of peace and stability in the East Sea.

Vietnam affirmed to consistently pursue the one-China policy and support the peaceful development of Cross-Strait relations and China’s great cause of unification.

Both sides agreed to boost cooperation at regional and multilateral frameworks such as the UN, APEC, the Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM), ASEAN-China, and the Mekong - Lancang Cooperation, thus together maintaining peace, stability and prosperity in the region and the world.

The two sides agreed that the visit by President Xi to Vietnam was a success, marking an important milestone in bilateral ties and contributing importantly to enhancing the traditional friendship and deepening the comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership between Vietnam and China while promoting peace, stability and development in the region and the globe.

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